Your eyes are an important part of your body. Everyone wants to be able to see well. There are steps that you can take to maintain your eyes in their best condition.
1. Undergo a comprehensive dilated eye exam
Though your vision is fine and you think your eyes are healthy, a comprehensive dilated eye exam is the only test that can confirm that. Many diseases associated with vision, such as glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic eye disease do not often show warning signs. This exam is the only way the diseases can be detected in their early stages.
During the exam, the eye care expert puts special drops in your eyes to widen the pupil. Just a door is opened wide to let more light get into a dark room, dilation widens the eye adequately enough for the doctor to get a better look at the interior. This allows the professional to examine your eyes for any damage or disease.
2. Know your family's history (eye health related)
Many eye diseases are hereditary. Information about eye health history will help you to determine whether or not you are at risk of developing the same condition or disease.
3. Eat right so as to protect your sight
A diet with many fruits and vegetables will significantly reduce chances of developing eye problems. Dark leafy green vegetables such as kale, spinach and collard are particularly great. According to reliable research, fish with high amounts of Omega-3 fatty acids is also associated with eye health benefits. Such fish include tuna, halibut and tuna.
4. Maintaining a healthy weight
Having excess body weight increases the chances of developing many problems, among them diabetes. Diabetes and other systematic conditions such as glaucoma and diabetic eye disease can lead to loss of vision. You should talk to your doctor in case you have trouble maintaining healthy weight.
5. Always wear protective eyewear when necessary
Protective eyewear should be worn when doing activities around the home or workplace or playing sports. This eyewear includes safety shields, googles, safety glasses and eye guards. Most of them have lenses that are made of polycarbonate, a stronger material than plastic. You can find protective eyewear at many eye care and sporting goods stores.
6. Avoid smoking
Smoking also affects your eyes apart from the other parts of the body. According to research, smoking increases the risk of developing macular degeneration, optic nerve damage and cataract. All of these conditions can lead to loss of vision.
7. Clean your contact lenses properly
To make sure your eyes are not infected, ensure your hands are clean when you put in, take out or clean your contact lenses. Disinfect the lenses regularly as instructed and replace them appropriately.
8. The 20-20-20 rule
If you spend most of your time focusing on one thing such as a computer, you may sometimes forget to blink. This makes the eyes to get fatigued. The 20-20-20 rule states that after every 20 minutes you should look away about 20 feet for 20 seconds to reduce eyestrain.
In case you notice any change in your sight, you should immediately speak to your eye care professional. This helps to make sure that any potential threat to your eye health is thwarted as early as possible.